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Pseudopanax ferox, commonly known as the Toothed Lancewood or Fierce Lancewood, is a unique and striking evergreen tree native to New Zealand.




  • Size: Pseudopanax ferox is a slow-growing tree that can eventually reach heights of 5 to 15 meters in its natural habitat. In cultivation, it is generally smaller and slower-growing.
  • Leaves: The leaves of the Toothed Lancewood are the most distinctive feature of the tree. Juvenile leaves are long and lance-shaped with jagged or serrated edges, resembling the teeth of a saw. These leaves serve as a defense mechanism against browsing animals. As the tree matures, the leaves gradually become broader and more oval-shaped, losing their serrations.
  • Trunk: The young tree typically has a slender, single stem, but as it matures, it develops a more robust and branching trunk.
  • Flowers: Pseudopanax ferox produces small, greenish-white flowers in panicles. The flowers are not particularly showy, and the tree is more prized for its unique foliage.


Growing Conditions:


  • Climate: The Toothed Lancewood is well-adapted to temperate climates, particularly in coastal regions of New Zealand. It can tolerate mild frosts and is relatively hardy.
  • Sunlight: Pseudopanax ferox thrives in full sun to partial shade. It prefers a location with bright, indirect light, but it can tolerate some shade.
  • Soil: The tree prefers well-draining soils that are fertile and rich in organic matter. It can grow in various soil types, including sandy, loamy, and clay soils.
  • Watering: The Toothed Lancewood has moderate water needs. It prefers regular watering to keep the soil evenly moist, especially during its early growth stages.
  • Maintenance: This tree is generally low-maintenance once established. Pruning can be done to remove any dead or damaged branches, but it is not necessary for shaping the tree.


Pseudopanax ferox is an eye-catching and unusual tree that is often used in gardens and landscapes for its distinctive juvenile foliage. It is a great choice for creating a focal point or adding interest to a garden design. In its natural habitat, Toothed Lancewood is an important part of New Zealand's native forest ecosystems, providing habitat and food for birds and insects.

Pseudopanax ferox

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