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Asplenium bulbiferum, commonly known as Hen and Chicken Fern or Mother Spleenwort, is a fern species native to New Zealand. 



  • Fronds: Asplenium bulbiferum has large, leathery fronds that can grow up to 1 meter in length. The fronds are dark green and are divided into multiple segments, giving them a feathery appearance.
  • Reproduction: One of the most distinctive features of this fern is its reproductive strategy. Along the frond margins or tips, small bulbils (also called "chickens") develop. These bulbils can eventually detach from the parent plant, fall to the ground, and take root to establish new fern plants.


Growing Conditions:


  • Light: Asplenium bulbiferum prefers shaded to partially shaded locations. It thrives in areas with filtered or dappled sunlight, making it suitable for growing in shaded garden beds or under the canopy of trees.
  • Soil: This fern prefers well-draining, humus-rich soil. It can grow in a variety of soil types, including loamy or sandy soils.
  • Watering: Asplenium bulbiferum prefers consistent moisture but is also well-adapted to periods of dryness. It benefits from regular watering, especially during dry spells.
  • Temperature: This fern is well-suited for temperate climates and can tolerate light frosts. It is not suitable for extremely cold or freezing temperatures.
  • Maintenance: Asplenium bulbiferum is a low-maintenance fern. Remove any dead or damaged fronds as needed to maintain its appearance. You can also collect and plant the bulbils to propagate new ferns.


Asplenium bulbiferum is a popular and attractive fern in gardens and landscapes due to its unique reproductive method and lush, feathery fronds. It adds a tropical and natural touch to shaded areas, making it an excellent choice for creating green focal points in gardens or for use as an ornamental houseplant. As a native New Zealand plant, it also provides habitat and food sources for local wildlife, contributing to the ecological balance in the area where it grows. Additionally, ferns like Asplenium bulbiferum play an essential role in maintaining healthy ecosystems by improving soil health and water retention.



Asplenium bulbiferum (Hen and Chicken Fern)

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