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Leptospermum scoparium, commonly known as Manuka or New Zealand Tea Tree, is a flowering shrub or small tree native to New Zealand and southeastern Australia. Manuka is a culturally significant plant in New Zealand and is known for its beautiful flowers and medicinal properties. 



  • Growth Habit: Leptospermum scoparium can vary in size, ranging from a small shrub to a small tree that can grow up to 4 meters in height. It has a bushy and dense growth habit with many slender, upright branches.
  • Leaves: The leaves of Manuka are small, narrow, and usually dark green. They are often aromatic when crushed due to the presence of essential oils.
  • Flowers: One of the most distinctive features of Leptospermum scoparium is its beautiful flowers. The flowers are small and have five petals, usually in shades of white, pink, or red. They bloom profusely during the spring and summer months, attracting bees and other pollinators.


Growing Conditions:


  • Sunlight: Manuka prefers full sun but can tolerate some light shade. It typically flowers more abundantly when grown in sunny locations.
  • Soil: This plant thrives in well-draining soil and can tolerate a wide range of soil types, including sandy, loamy, or clay soils. It is also capable of growing in acidic to slightly alkaline soil pH levels.
  • Watering: Leptospermum scoparium is relatively drought-tolerant once established but benefits from regular watering, especially during dry spells or in hot weather.
  • Temperature: Manuka is well-adapted to temperate climates and can tolerate light frosts. It is not suitable for extremely cold or freezing temperatures.
  • Maintenance: This plant is generally low-maintenance. Pruning can be done to shape the plant or remove any dead or diseased growth. Prune after flowering to encourage a bushier habit.


Leptospermum scoparium is a popular ornamental plant in gardens and landscapes due to its beautiful flowers and aromatic foliage. In addition to its ornamental value, it is also well-known for its medicinal properties and the production of Manuka honey from the nectar of its flowers. The essential oils found in the leaves have been used traditionally for various purposes. Furthermore, Manuka plays an essential role in New Zealand's ecosystems, providing habitat and food sources for native wildlife, and helping with erosion control in certain areas.



Leptospremum scoparium (Manuka)

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