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Cordyline australis, commonly known as Cabbage Tree  is an evergreen tree or large shrub native to New Zealand. 



  • Size: Cabbage Tree can grow up to 10 meters  in height, although some specimens can reach even greater heights. It has a single trunk with a relatively narrow and upright growth habit. In mature plants, the trunk becomes thick and develops a unique sculptural form.
  • Leaves: The leaves of Cordyline australis are long, narrow, and sword-shaped. They are typically dark green, but there are also cultivars with variegated or reddish-toned leaves. The leaves are arranged in a dense rosette at the top of the plant.
  • Flowers: Mature Cabbage Trees produce panicles of small, fragrant, cream-colored flowers. The flowers are usually clustered near the top of the plant and can attract bees and other pollinators.
  • Berries: After flowering, Cordyline australis may produce small, round berries that transition from green to purple or black when ripe. These berries are a food source for birds.


Growing Conditions:


  • Climate: Cabbage Tree is well-suited to temperate climates, particularly in coastal regions. It can tolerate mild frosts and is relatively hardy. It is commonly found in New Zealand and some other regions with similar climates.
  • Sunlight: Cordyline australis thrives in full sun to partial shade. It prefers a bright location but can tolerate some shade.
  • Soil: The tree can grow in a range of soil types, including sandy, loamy, and clay soils. It prefers well-draining soil but can tolerate occasional moisture.
  • Watering: Once established, Cabbage Tree is relatively drought-tolerant and requires minimal watering. It can withstand dry periods but benefits from occasional deep watering during prolonged droughts.
  • Maintenance: This plant is generally low-maintenance. It requires little to no pruning, although removing any dead or damaged leaves can be done as needed.


Cordyline australis is a popular ornamental tree known for its striking appearance and architectural value. It is often used as a focal point in gardens, parks, and urban landscapes. Additionally, it provides habitat and food for birds and adds a touch of New Zealand's native flora to the landscape.

Cordyline australis ,Cabbage Tree

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