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Alectryon excelsus, commonly known as Titoki, is a native tree species found in New Zealand. 



  • Size: Titoki is a medium-sized tree that can reach heights of 10 metres. It has a rounded crown and a generally upright growth habit.
  • Leaves: The leaves of Alectryon excelsus are dark green, glossy, and composed of numerous leaflets. Each leaflet is elongated and serrated along the edges. The foliage is evergreen, providing year-round visual interest.
  • Flowers: Titoki produces small, greenish-white flowers that are clustered in dense, upright panicles. The flowers are usually inconspicuous and not highly ornamental.
  • Fruit: After flowering, the tree produces small, spherical fruit that turn from green to red or dark purple when ripe. The fruit is relatively small and contains a single seed. The fruit is attractive to birds, which help disperse the seeds.


Growing Conditions:


  • Climate: Alectryon excelsus is well-suited to temperate climates, particularly in coastal areas of New Zealand. It can tolerate mild frosts and is relatively hardy.
  • Sunlight: Titoki thrives in full sun to partial shade. It can tolerate some shade but generally prefers a bright location for optimal growth.
  • Soil: The tree prefers well-draining soils that are fertile and rich in organic matter. It can grow in a variety of soil types, including sandy, loamy, and clay soils.
  • Watering: Titoki has moderate water needs and benefits from regular watering, particularly during dry periods. However, it can withstand short periods of drought once established.
  • Maintenance: This tree is generally low-maintenance. Pruning can be done to maintain its shape or remove any dead or crossing branches. Pruning is typically done in late winter or early spring.


Alectryon excelsus is often used in native plant gardens, restoration projects, and as an ornamental tree for its attractive foliage, fruit, and wildlife value. It provides habitat and food for birds and insects. Titoki can be grown as a standalone specimen or in group plantings to create visual interest and contribute to the biodiversity of the landscape.

Alectryon excelsus Titoki

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